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Phase 5 - alternative pronunciation

Curriculum

The purpose of Phase 5 is for children to broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for some graphemes, e.g. the ‘ou’ grapheme makes a different sound in the words ‘mouth’ and ‘shoulder’. Children become quicker at recognising graphemes and at blending the phonemes they represent. When spelling words, they will learn to choose the appropriate graphemes to represent phonemes and begin to build word-specific knowledge of the spellings of words. We can teach children how to make ‘best bets’ (best guess) when spelling new or unfamiliar words.

New sounds in Phase 5:

ay day

oy boy

wh when

a-e make

ou out

ir girl

ph photo

e-e these

ie tie

ue blue

ew new

i-e like

ea eat

aw saw

oe toe

 

au Paul

o-e home

u-e rule

 

 Alternative pronunciation for graphemes

Phase 5 introduces the idea that some graphemes can be pronounced in more than one way. E.g. the ‘ch’ grapheme can be pronounced in each of these ways: ‘check, chef and school’.

i

fin find

g

got giant

ea

eat bread

y

yes by very

o

hot cold

ow

cow blow

er

farmer her

ch

chin school chef

c

cat cent

ie

tie field

a

hat what

ou

out shoulder you

 

Phase 5 tricky words for reading

oh

their

people

Mrs

Mr

looked

asked

called

 

Phase 5 tricky words for spelling

said

so

have

like

some

come

were

there

 

By the end of Phase 5 children should:

  • give the sound when shown any grapheme that has been taught.
  • for any given sound, write the common graphemes.
  • apply phonic knowledge and skill as the prime approach to reading and spelling unfamiliar words that are not completely decodable.
  • read and spell phonically decodable two-syllable and three-syllable words.
  • read automatically all the words in the list of 100 high-frequency words.
  • accurately spell most of the words in the list of 100 high-frequency words.
  • Children’s spellings should be phonetically plausible by the end of Phase 5.