Red Band



Once your child can recognise 25 - 30 high frequency words, then they will be ready for Red Band.

Red books will have an increased number of words on a page. Recurring families and animal characters are also introduced at this stage. 


  • Find the title of the book 
  • Use illustrations to help them understand what is happening in a story 
  • If they are unfamiliar with a word, try to think of a word that would make sense in that sentence 
  • Know what a full stop is 
  • Sing the alphabet song 
  • Use phonemes to read words such as ‘cat’, ‘if’ and ‘up’ 

How to support your child:  

Your child is beginning to learn to read. As they read, please help them to: 

  • Read the words carefully. Most of the words can be recognised or sounded out. Ask your child to sound out and blend only the words they can’t read yet, not every word. Eventually almost all words will become part of your child’s ‘sight memory’, and they won’t have to sound out at all. 
  • On second and third readings of the book, encourage them to read with more pace and with less focus on sounding out the letters in each word. 
  • Make a story out of a whole book, rather than focusing just on what is happening on each page. 
  • Tell you about something that happened in the book, or about something they found out in the book.