What we expect by the end of the Year - Specific Areas

Learning

Literacy
8. Comprehension ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Demonstrate understanding of what has been read to them by retelling stories and
  • narratives using their own words and recently introduced vocabulary;
  • Anticipate – where appropriate – key events in stories;
  • Use and understand recently introduced vocabulary during discussions about stories,
  • non-fiction, rhymes and poems and during role-play.
9. Word Reading ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Say a sound for each letter in the alphabet and at least 10 digraphs;
  • Read words consistent with their phonic knowledge by sound-blending;
  • Read aloud simple sentences and books that are consistent with their phonic
  • knowledge, including some common exception words.
10. Writing ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Write recognisable letters, most of which are correctly formed;
  • Spell words by identifying sounds in them and representing the sounds with a letter
  • or letters;
  • Write simple phrases and sentences that can be read by others.
Mathematics
11. Number ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each
  • number;
  • Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5;
  • Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number
  • bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including
  • double facts.
12. Numerical Patterns ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system;
  • Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is
  • greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity;
  • Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds,
  • double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally.
Understanding the World
13. Past and Present ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Talk about the lives of the people around them and their roles in society;
  • Know some similarities and differences between things in the past and now, drawing
  • on their experiences and what has been read in class;
  • Understand the past through settings, characters and events encountered in books
  • read in class and storytelling;
14. People Culture and Communities ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Describe their immediate environment using knowledge from observation,
  • discussion, stories, non-fiction texts and maps;
  • Know some similarities and differences between different religious and cultural
  • communities in this country, drawing on their experiences and what has been read
  • in class;
  • Explain some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other
  • countries, drawing on knowledge from stories, non-fiction texts and – when
  • appropriate – maps.
15. The Natural World ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures
  • of animals and plants;
  • Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and
  • contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in
  • class;
  • Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around
  • them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.
Expressive Arts and Design
16. Creating with Materials ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting
  • with colour, design, texture, form and function;
  • Share their creations, explaining the process they have used;
  • Make use of props and materials when role playing characters in narratives and
  • stories.
17. Being Imaginative and Expressive ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Invent, adapt and recount narratives and stories with peers and their teacher;
  • Sing a range of well-known nursery rhymes and songs;
  • Perform songs, rhymes, poems and stories with others, and – when appropriate – try
  • to move in time with music.