What we expect by the end of your child's first year - Prime Areas

Learning

Communication and Language
1. Listening, Attention and Understanding ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Listen attentively and respond to what they hear with relevant questions, comment and actions when being read to and during whole class discussions and small group interactions;
  • Make comments about what they have heard and ask questions to clarify their understanding;
  • Hold conversation when engaged in back-and-forth exchanges with their teacher and peers.
2. Speaking ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Participate in small group, class and one-to-one discussions, offering their own ideas,
  • using recently introduced vocabulary;
  • Offer explanations for why things might happen, making use of recently introduced
  • vocabulary from stories, non-fiction, rhymes and poems when appropriate;
  • Express their ideas and feelings about their experiences using full sentences,
  • including use of past, present and future tenses and making use of conjunctions,
  • with modelling and support from their teacher.
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
3. Self-Regulation ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others, and begin to
  • regulate their behaviour accordingly;
  • Set and work towards simple goals, being able to wait for what they want and
  • control their immediate impulses when appropriate;
  • Give focused attention to what the teacher says, responding appropriately even
  • when engaged in activity, and show an ability to follow instructions involving several
  • ideas or actions.
4. Managing Self ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Be confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and
  • perseverance in the face of challenge;
  • Explain the reasons for rules, know right from wrong and try to behave accordingly;
  • Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the
  • toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices.
5. Building Relationships ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Work and play cooperatively and take turns with others;
  • Form positive attachments to adults and friendships with peers;
  • Show sensitivity to their own and to others’ needs.
Physical development
6. Gross Motor Skills ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Negotiate space and obstacles safely, with consideration for themselves and others;
  • Demonstrate strength, balance and coordination when playing;
  • Move energetically, such as running, jumping, dancing, hopping, skipping and
  • climbing.
7. Fine Motor Skills ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Hold a pencil effectively in preparation for fluent writing – using the tripod grip in
  • almost all cases;
  • Use a range of small tools, including scissors, paint brushes and cutlery;
  • Begin to show accuracy and care when drawing.
Expressive Arts and Design
16. Creating with Materials ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting
  • with colour, design, texture, form and function;
  • Share their creations, explaining the process they have used;
  • Make use of props and materials when role playing characters in narratives and
  • stories.
17. Being Imaginative and Expressive ELG
Children at the expected level of development will:
  • Invent, adapt and recount narratives and stories with peers and their teacher;
  • Sing a range of well-known nursery rhymes and songs;
  • Perform songs, rhymes, poems and stories with others, and – when appropriate – try
  • to move in time with music.