Learning expectations in Year 3


By the end of Year 3 children should be able to...

Word reading

  • I can apply knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to read aloud and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.
  • I can read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound.
  • I attempt pronunciation of unfamiliar words drawing on prior knowledge of similar looking words.


Understanding what I read

  • I read a range of fiction, poetry, plays, and non-fiction texts.
  • I can discuss the texts that I read.
  • I can read aloud and independently, taking turns and listening to others.
  • I can explain how non-fiction books are structured in different ways and can use them effectively.
  • I can explain some of the different types of fiction books.
  • I can ask relevant questions to get a better understanding of a text.
  • I can predict what might happen based on details I have.
  • I can draw inferences such as inferring a characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions.
  • I can use a dictionary to check the meaning of unfamiliar words.
  • I can identify the main point of a text.
  • I can explain how structure and presentation contribute to the meaning of texts.
  • I can use non-fiction texts to retrieve information.
  • I can prepare poems to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.



  • I can spell words with additional prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them to root words.
  • I recognise and spell homophones.
  • I can use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary.
  • I can spell words correctly which are in a family.
  • I can spell the commonly mis-spelt words from the Y3/4 word list.
  • I can identify the root in longer words.



  • I use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters.
  • I understand which letters should be left unjoined


Sentence structure

  • I can express time, place and cause by using conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions.


Text structure

  • I am starting to use paragraphs.
  • I can use headings and sub headings.
  • I can use the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past.



  • I use capital letters for names of people, places, day of the week and the personal pronoun ‘I’.
  • I correctly use question marks and exclamation marks,
  • I can use commas to separate items in a list.
  • I can use apostrophes to show where letters are missing and to mark singular possession in nouns.
  • I can use inverted commas to punctuate direct speech.

  • I can compare and order numbers to 1000 and read and write numbers to 1000 in numerals and words.
  • I can count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100.
  • I can recognise the value of each digit in a 3-digit number.
  • I understand and can count in tenths, and find the fractional value of a given set.
  • I can add and subtract fractions with a common denominator.
  • I can derive and recall multiplication facts for 3, 4 and 8x tables.
  • I can add and subtract mentally combinations of 1-digit and 2- digit numbers.
  • I can add and subtract numbers with up to 3-digits using formal written methods.
  • I can write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and vision using the 2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 8x and 10x tables.
  • I can calculate 2-digit x 1-digit.
  • I can solve number problems using one and two step problems


Measurement, geometry and statistics

  • I can identify right angles and can compare other angles stating whether they are greater or smaller than a right angle.
  • I can identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines.
  • I can tell the time to the nearest minute and use specific vocabulary, including seconds, am & pm.
  • I can measure, compare, add and subtract using common metric measures.
  • I can solve one and two step problems using information presented in scaled bar charts, pictograms and tables.